The cool thing about marijuana is that it’s dioecious, which means that there are both male and female options of this. The female ones create flowers while the male ones are able to fertilize, and of course, once it’s been pollinated, it then makes new seeds to make new plants. Female ones are usually rich in both CBD and THC, and that’s what people normally consume. The male plants are actually much lower in cannabinoids compared to their female counterparts.
People usually don’t grow marijuana for the seeds, but rather the flower, so they want female plants, and they try to keep the males away, since seeded flower isn’t as good, and seeds aren’t good and do make the flower not as strong, since they’re expending energy to make seeds rather than making THC.
Most growers want to avoid males, but there is a reason why some growers may also have some male marijuana plants and that’s because they want to cross-breed these, so that they can create strains with this, with the right genetics, and also create the best female plants with amazing genetics too. Whether you’re a new grower or someone who is seasoned, learning to identify and spot these differences will help you get more control, and also to prevent the wrong plants from coming about too.
How to tell the difference
You will not be able to tell the difference during the germination or the seedling stages since they look alike. Even the seeds that are feminized to be female, are almost just like the male counterparts. While you usually get female plants most of the time, the seeds that are feminized do occasionally create male plants, so you’ve got to watch for signs.
Marijuana plant gender is more obvious when it’s flowering, but also found in the vegetive stages too. But it’s best if you don’t wait till flowering to find this out, so doing this in the vegetive stages is vital. When it vegetizes, it actually grows in both size and height, and cannabis plants are usually creating a better root system to be taller and growing out leaves.
Around the fourth week at this stage, they start to create pre-flowers, and you will see the difference, since the females will be flowers the males some pollen sacs. You can’t always see what it’ll be when they do begin to grow, but by week six, you’ll know, since man times, males actually create pre-flowers way before the females do. The pre-flowers also do look different too, and are located on the nodes, which is the branches that are based off of the stem of the plant.
The males are small sacs that are closed that have small green balls. The female ones tend to be more elongated and rounded calyxes, and also have stigma pairs that actually do one day be used to get pollen from the pistil. The flowers on the females also tend to be rounded near the base, and are a bit more pointed at the tip, and you may see some tiny hairs that are white as well.
The best thing about this is tat they’re pretty easy to tell with just your eye, but if you’re not totally sure, get a magnifying glass to see the difference for both. Of course when you’re finally flowering, you’ll know the difference. The most obvious is of course the pollen sacs that you see, and they pretty much look like powdered sugar, and the sacs have tiny petals when emptied, to help you tell the difference.