Decarboxylation or decarbing, is a process that’s really necessary for certain chemicals in cannabis, including CBD along with THC. When you smoke it, you’re actually decarboxylating the cannabis, but if you’re going to use a topical or edible, it’s something that happens internally, or if you don’t do it beforehand, there isn’t much potency here.
What is It?
This is a chemical reaction where the compounds change in THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids including CBG, CBC, and THCV. They all usually are important, and a big thing to understand is that raw cannabis does not have the THC potency that you think. It actually must be triggered through the use of heat in order to release these compounds. The process does need to occur in order for the product to actually have some potency. CBN is not something that actually can be decarbed simply because it’s what happens when THC degrades.
How this Affects Potency
Without this, you’re not going to have psychoactivity in your cannabis, and it’s important to understand. So if you want to get high, you must make sure that you do decarb your weed.
How this happens
This is due to the release of heat that happens, and there must be heat in order for this to occur. Whenever you smoke or vape weed, it’s already been decarbed. Did you know that it’s pretty much happening due to the burning, and that’s happening all at once. But if you’re going to use this for say, maybe an infusion or an edible, you need to do a bit of the legwork.
How to do this is pretty simple though. It’s pretty much taking the cannabis, lining a baking sheet, throw it on there, and then cook it between 220-235 for up to 45 minutes, sometimes an hour. A cool thing about this, is that you don’t’ have to worry about it possibly stinking up the house or anything, since it won’t release that smell there.
One thing that you need to be mindful of is that if you are doing this in a place that’s higher in temperature for a bit, it’s going to naturally decarb a little bit. It may need a bit more, but if you’re curing or drying your weed, you might already have this happening. That’s why you may find that the weed at a dispensary says THC and THCA, since it’s already partially bene decarbed.
When to do This
You want to do this if you want to get high with the cannabis that you’re consuming. If you’re vaping or smoking, you don’t have to worry about it. If you want to make edibles that are potent and actually have effects, you want to make sure that it’s decarbed. If you don’t want that to actually cause sedative or psychoactive effects, then you don’t have to do this.
If you’re going to make topicals, then you want to do it too, or else it won’t help. But, if you’re going to buy from dispensaries, such as maybe a tincture or some edibles, you don’t have to worry about it. They’ve already done most of the work for you, and they’ll tell you immediately how much THC is there.
It’s best to make sure you use this within 3-6 months, or else it will further degrade. But if you’re going to make edibles, and you’re curious about what it takes, make sure you do the decarb process before you do anything else, as it will have beneficial effects on you down the line, and it can help you easily get the cannabis effects.